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Fast Day came first

Two weeks after the disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run, Congress requested, and President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed, a national Fast Day. It was to be “a day of public humiliation, prayer and fasting, to be observed by the people of the United States with religious solemnities, and the offering of fervent supplications to Almighty God for the safety and welfare of these States, His blessings on their arms, and a speedy restoration of peace.”

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